A collection of research and analyses identify successes and failures of the war on drugs and proposes possible solutions to the issues government agencies face in fighting the production, distribution and use of drugs and the violence associated with the illicit drug trade. Research and information predominantly from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the United States Department of State, the Congressional Research Service, the Drug Policy Alliance and the Alternative World Drug Report were examined for this report. The research used in this evaluation focuses not globally, but primarily on the drug war in the Americas as the preponderance of drugs in North, Central, and South America are contained within our continents borders until consumption. Historically, international efforts between the US and Latin American nations have focused in North America and the Andean region. The report draws conclusions regarding those operations in the Americas and suggest the further policy reforms needed.